Chief problems in defining postmodernism
It is not good either to forget the questions philosophy asks, or to persuade ourselves we have found indubitable answers to them. Paul Smethurst, 25 In this short paper, I will discuss one of the chief problems in defining postmodernism. Postmodernist art has been, since its beginnings in the movements of the s—Pop art, Fluxus, and feminist art—art that was inherently political and simultaneously engaged with and critical of commercial mass culture. One of the most distinctive characteristics of postmodernist art is the dissolution of traditional categories of art and artworks, and the proliferation of new and hybrid forms that have broadened these categories to an unprecedented degree, even greater than encountered in literature. By contrast, Jameson defines postmodernism as "the cultural logic of late capitalism," for him an inherently unjust formation. A piece of knowledge is never false or true - but only more or less biologically and evolutionary useful. Ayer The ground, then, for maintaining that, while one is having an experience, one can know with absolute certainty the truth of a statement which does no more than describe the character of the experience in question is that there is no room here for anything short of knowledge: there is nothing for one to be uncertain or mistaken about. It quickly became apparent, however, that, despite its continuities with modernism, postmodernism does represent a definitive break from its predecessor, as well as a broader overall phenomenon, which includes in particular postmodernist theory. Thus the decision to adopt the mathematical framework of numbers was external, a practical question of whether to accept certain linguistic forms. A dramatic example of this entanglement is the relationship between "the disappearance of the real," which is an epistemological conception, and media culture. This absolute will to truth: what is it? Ayer What we do not, and can not, have is a logical guarantee that our acceptance of a statement is not mistaken. Jean Baudrillard : Selected Writings.
Postmodernism is "post" because it is denies the existence of any ultimate principles, and it lacks the optimism of there being a scientific, philosophical, or religious truth which will explain everything for everybody - a characteristic of the so-called "modern" mind.
But this proof in its turn relies upon some law of logic. Geyh Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.
Nationalism, they believe, causes wars. Ayer Many philosophers have in fact maintained that causality is a logical relation and that there can be infallible acts of knowing. Ayer, Quotes from 'The Problem of Knowledge' Latour, Bruno.
Charles Darwin well understood this extreme 'skepticism' that claims we can never know the truth about things; Ignorance more frequently begets confidence than does knowledge: it is those who know little, not those who know much, who so positively assert that this or that problem will never be solved by science.
Thus, while the sentences of metaphysics might, by virtue of their seductive syntactical appearance, suggest that great profundities were being communicated, they in fact lacked any literal sense at all, although they could have some emotional significance for using them.
The logical extension of this definition following Marcel Duchamp is that nearly anything, properly "framed" or designated as such, might be thought of as art. In the s there was a broad reaction against scientism in the West. One does not want to be deceived, under the supposition that it is injurious, dangerous, or fatal to be deceived.
This absolute will to truth: what is it? Ayer The quest for certainty has played a considerable part in the history of philosophy: it has been assumed that without a basis of certainty all our claims to knowledge must be suspect. Is it the will to not allow ourselves to be deceived? Just get rid of the 'discrete particle and continuous field' conception of matter in 'space-time' and replace it with the wave structure of matter in space. Some choreographers have gone even farther afield, incorporating movements from the martial arts , sports, acrobatics, mime, games, and even the mundane physical activities of everyday life. Jameson, Fredric. But for the most part the things that we claim to know are not presented to us in an aura of revelation. Christopher Butler, It makes the timeline between modernism and postmodernism become fuzzier. Ediwina Taborsky This sounds like one of my own intuitions, that scholarly aka "scientific" propositions are at best approximations to realities may never be fully known. These trends are found in postmodernist classical music as well, from the usage of elements of jazz and rock and roll to the incorporation of street or elevator noises. For the two go together: security is sterile.
Changing erratically, what is fact today can be false tomorrow.
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