Studies have concluded that countries with a surplus of cheap labor can use EPZ's to increase employment and generate foreign investment. Most recently in Bangladesh, the government's policy of banning unions has only softened after the building collapse that killed over workers.
Posted in Basic page An Export Processing Zone EPZ is a Customs area where one is allowed to import plant, machinery, equipment and material for the manufacture of export goods under security, without payment of duty.
Nonetheless, the ILO recognizes that the conduct of employers and the condition of workers in EPZs is a serious concern. EPZs are special arrangements—often a distinct geographic area near a port—which are set up to promote export industries.
A certified copy of Form C17 confirming that exportation of the goods has taken place shall be given to the owner for the purposes of security bond cancellation. The EPZ has been used by developing nations since the 's to encourage foreign investment.
Stating the proposition this simply, the answer is clearly no.
Under certain conditions - including appropriate setup and good management - export processing zones can play a dynamic role in a country's development, but only as a transitional step in an integrated movement toward general liberalization of the economy with revisions as national economic conditions change.
Before workforces can be organized to demand better protection, there must first be a workforce. Investment is most attracted to countries that have an overall favorable environment for capital.